Healthy attachment forms in childhood when primary caregivers respond to the needs of the child with empathy and sufficient nurture. As a result the child is able to develop a sense of safety and belonging in the world and a secure sense of self. Disruption to healthy attachment occurs during abuse, neglect, separation because of illness or other types of trauma and leads to a lack of essential bonding at the crucial early stage of development.


Types of behaviour associated with disruption to healthy attachment can be defined as follows:


Inhibited Type:


  • Detached
  • Resistant to comforting or unresponsive
  • Withdrawn
  • Avoidant




  • Attention seeking
  • Indiscriminate sociability
  • Violates social boundaries
  • Inappropriate behaviour
  • Lack of development of conscience


(Definition of types of behaviour associated with developmental trauma of poor

attachment taken from

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