Sometimes children may experience difficulties in processing sensory information. This may lead to over or under responsiveness to touch, movement, taste, noise and other stimuli.
“All our knowledge begins with the senses.”
– Immanuel Kant
Problems with sensory processing are often, but not always associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder and ADHD.
Sensory integration therapy has its basis in neuroscience and was first developed by Anna Jean Ayres in the mid 20th century.
It helps to train children to regulate their responses to sensory input by providing ‘sensory stimulation in a structured and repetitive way.’ (understood.org)
Occupational therapists tailor the approach to the specific sensory needs of each child and create individual programmes to enable children to achieve a more balanced experience of the world.